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Science & Technology in Nepal

Science and technology in Nepal, sometimes shortened to S&T in Nepal, encompass the development and challenges of scientific research and technological innovation in Nepal, and how these developments, in turn, affect Nepali society, politics, and culture. Science and technology are small but emerging fields in Nepal. The Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment is the apex government body tasked with the responsibility of overseeing the development of science and technology in the country. Some of the popular Science and Technology courses are given below:

1. Bachelor of Science in Agriculture (B. Sc. Ag)

2. Bachelor of Science in Forestry (B. Sc. Forestry)

3. Bachelor of Science in Veterinary and Animal Husbandry (B. V.Sc & A.H)

4. Bachelor of Fisheries Science (B.F.Sc)

Description

The aim of Bachelor of Science in Agriculture program is to train academically competent and practical oriented professional agriculturists. The B. Sc. Agriculture program is an eight semester (four-year) course after +2. In the first three years most of the courses are from basic core agricultural disciplines. In the fourth year, elective courses are offered to provide the students an opportunity to acquire knowledge and skills in the areas of their interest. Field practical’s, project works and study visits are part of the academic curriculum. The students must fulfill four years of residential learning to complete the requirements of B. Sc. Ag. curriculum.

Academic Year
Semester
Program Duration
4 years
Eligibilty criteria for BSc. Ag

i. TU and AFU: Candidates having studied at least 100 marks in each subjects of  English, Chemistry and Biology and 50 marks in Physics and Maths in +2 Science or Agriculture  with a minimum of 50 percent marks in aggregatein +2 or equivalent are eligible for admission to B.Sc. Agriculture program. Selection for admission is on a merit basis through an entrance examination. Candidates from National Examinations Board (NEB) with major Physics in +2 and having studied 100 marks of Biology in grade XI are also eligible to apply.

ii. Purbanchal University: Students who have successfully completed intermediate of science programme (10+2 (Science), I.Sc., I.Sc.Ag. or equivalent grade) with second division are eligible to apply for this programme.

In PU, there is a special provision for admission of in-service candidates in governmental or other institutional scholarship. However, such candidates also need to pass in the university entrance examination.

Entrance Exam Pattern

1. Tribhuvan University (Total Marks: 100)

    English 15, Mathematics 15, Physics 15, Chemistry 15, Botany 15, Zoology 15, GK (Agriculture Sc) 5, GK 5

2. Agriculture and Forestry University

    English 12, Mathematics 12, Physics 12, Chemistry 12, Botany 12, Zoology 12, GK & Agriculture 8

3. Purbanchal University

    English 12, Mathematics 12, Physics 12, Chemistry 12, Botany12, Zoology 12, General Knowledge 8

Date of Entrance Exam
Mangsir (TU & AFU), Magh (Purbanchal University)
Selection Procedure

A. Selection in TU and AFU:

The final merit list of applicants will be prepared by adding 10% of the total marks obtained in the SLC examination and 10% of the total marks obtained in the +2 examination to 80% of the marks obtained in the entrance examination. An applicant must secure a minimum of 50% marks to pass the test. Names of candidates who pass the entrance test will appear in the result list in merit order, on the basis of which candidates are selected for admission.

B. Selection in PU:

Admission is based on the merit secured by the applicants in the entrance examination conducted by Purbanchal University .

Fee structure

N/A

Colleges offering BSc. Ag Course in Nepal

List of Colleges under TU

       S.N

                                         Colleges

        1. 

  Lamjung Campus, Sudarbazar, Lamjung (Constituent Campus)

        2.

  Paklihawa Campus, Paklihawa (Constituent Campus)

        3. 

  Rampur Campus, Khaireni, Chitwan (Constituent Campus)

        4. 

 Gauradaha Agriculture Campus, Gauradaha, Jhapa (Constituent Campus)

        5.

  Gokuleshwore Agriculture & Animal Science College, Baitadi (Affiliated Campus)

        6.

  Campus of Life Sciences, Tulsipur, Dang (Affiliated Campus)

        7.

  Prithu Technical College, Lamahi, Dang (Affiliated Campus)

        8.

  Mahendra Ratna Multiple Campus, Ilam. (BSc. Horticulture, Autonomous Campus)

        9.

  Mechi Campus, Jhapa (BSc. Tea Technology, Affiliated Campus )

 

List of Colleges under AFU (All Constituent Campus)

  S.N

               Colleges

   1.

   Rampur Campus, Rampur

   2.

   College of Natural Resources Management, Puranchour, Kaski

   3.

  College of Natural Resource Management, Pakhribas, Dhankuta

   4.

  College of Natural Resource Management, Tikapur, Kailali 

   5. 

  College of Natural Resource Management, Marin Kapilakot, Sindhuli

 

List of Colleges under Purbanchal University

   S.N

                                            Colleges

1.

 Himalaya College of Agriculture Sciences and Technology (HICAST), Kirtipur

2.

 Nepal Polytechnic Institute (NPI), Chitwan

3.   G.P Koirala College of Agriculture and Research Centre (GPKCAR)
Description

The Bachelor of Forestry Science is a four-year professional degree under Tribhuvan University. Forestry is an applied science that involves managing forest ecosystems within increasingly complex social environments. A challenging, demanding profession, forestry applies forest ecosystem sciences, management sciences, and communications skills to the conservation and management of forest resources to meet society's ever increasing needs for commodities, services, and a healthy environment.

Academic Year
Yearly
Program Duration
4 years
Eligibilty criteria for B. Sc. Forestry

Students with +2 in Science, Intermediate of Science (I.Sc.), Technical Certificate Level (TCL) in Forestry, Diploma in Forestry, A-level or equivalent degree with at least 100-full-mark-courses in mathematics and biology and a minimum of 50% marks in aggregate can apply for admission into the Bachelor of Science in Forestry Program. Students aspiring to get admission into the B.Sc. Forestry program have to get through an entrance examination conducted by the IOF and are selected on their merit scores.

Entrance Exam Pattern

1. Tribhuvan University 

SUBJECTS

NO. OF QUESTIONS

FULL MARKS

English

20

20

Mathematics

20

20

Forestry

20

20

Science

40

40

Total                  100

100

 

2. Agriculture and Forestry University

    English-12, Mathematics-13, Physics-8, Chemistry-13,  Botany-13, Zoology-13, General Knowledge-8

Date of Entrance Exam
Mangsir
Selection Procedure

An applicant must secure a minimum of 40% marks to pass the test. The final merit list of applicants will be prepared by adding 20% of the total marks obtained in the +2 examination to 80% of the marks obtained in the entrance examination. Names of candidates who pass the entrance test will appear in the result list in merit order, on the basis of which candidates are selected for admission.

Fee structure

1. Tribhuvan University

    About NPR 4lakhs

2. AFU

    N/A

Colleges offering B. Sc. Forestry Courses in Nepal

List of College under TU 

      S.N

   Name of College/University

        Seats

        1.

   Institute of Forestry (T.U) Pokhara Campus, Hariyokharka, Pokhara, Kaski

          80

         2.

   Institute of Forestry (T.U) Hetauda Campus, Hetauda, Makwanpur

          80

        3.     Kathmandu Forestry College (KAFCOL) (TU affiliated), Koteshwor, Kathmandu          50

 

List of College under AFU 

  S.N

                            Name of College/University

   Seats

    1.

  Agriculture and Forestry University(AFU), Hetauda Campus, Hetauda,       Makwanpur

     40

 

Description

The aim of B.V. Sc. & A.H. program program is to train skilled and competent manpower in the area of livestock health, production and management. The regular B. V. Sc. & A.H. program is a five years course after graduating +2 which includes nine semesters of academic courses and a final one semester of internship. The curriculum has been designed to integrate basic, production and management, practical and clinical subjects to impart both extensive and intensive knowledge in veterinary clinical sciences, animal breeding, livestock production and management.

Academic Year
Semester
Program Duration
5 years (4.5 years + 6 months)
Eligibilty criteria for B. V.Sc & A.H.

Students who have passed SLC or Equivalent and completed 10+2 /I.Sc. /Agriculture Science/A-level (with at least 100  of ENGLISH and BIOLOGY, 50 marks of MATHS, Physics and Chemistry) obtaining not less than 50% (for Girls-45%) can apply for the course.

Entrance Exam Pattern

1. Tribhuvan University

    English 25, Mathematics 25, Physics 25, Chemistry 25, Botany 25,Zoology 25, General Knowledge 10

2. AFU

    English 12, Mathematics 12, Physics 12, Chemistry 12, Botany 12, Zoology 12, General Knowledge 8

3. Purbanchal University

    English 12, Mathematics 12, Physics 12, Chemistry 12, Botany 12, Zoology 12, General Knowledge 8

Date of Entrance Exam
Kartik/Mangshir
Selection Procedure

An applicant must secure a minimum of 40% marks to pass the test. The final merit list of applicants will be prepared by adding 20% of the total marks obtained in the +2 examination to 80% of the marks obtained in the entrance examination. Names of candidates who pass the entrance test will appear in the result list in merit order, on the basis of which candidates are selected for admission.

Fee structure

N/A

Colleges offering B. V.Sc & AH Courses in Nepal

List of College under TU

    S.N

                                   Name of College/University

      Seats

      1.

    Paklihawa Campus, Bhairahawa

        50

 

List of College under AFU

   S.N

                                               Name of College/University

       Seats

    1.

   Rampur Campus, Chitwan

         50

 

List of Colleges under PU

    S.N

                                            Name of College/University

         Seats

     1.

   Nepal Polytechnic Institute, Chitwan (PU Affiliated)

          40

     2.

   Himalaya College of Agriculture Sciences and Technology (HICAST)

   (PU affiliated), Kirtipur

           40

Description

The Bachelor of Fisheries Science (B.F.Sc) is a bachelor's degree for studies in fisheries science in India. "Fisheries science" is the academic discipline of managing and understanding fisheries. It is a multidisciplinary science, which draws on the disciplines of aquaculture including breeding, genetics, biotechnology, nutrition, farming, diagnosis of diseases in fishes, other aquatic resources, medical treatment of aquatic animals; Fisheries science is generally a 4-year course typically taught in a university setting, and can be the focus of an undergraduate, postgraduate or Ph.D. program.

Academic Year
Semester
Program Duration
4 years
Eligibilty criteria for B. F. Sc

Students who have passed SLC or Equivalent and completed 10+2 /I.Sc. /Agriculture Science/livestock/A-level (with at least 100  of ENGLISH and BIOLOGY, 50 marks of MATHS, Physics, and Chemistry) obtaining not less than 50% (for Girls-45%) can apply for the program.

Entrance Exam Pattern

The Entrance Exam will consists of 80 multiple choice questions.

English 12                                                                                                      

Mathematics 13                                                                                                   

Physics 8                                                                                                        

Chemistry 13                                                                                                          

Botany 13                                                                                                             

Zoology 13                                                                                              

General Knowledge 8

Date of Entrance Exam
Kartik/Mangshir
Selection Procedure

An applicant must secure a minimum of 40% marks to pass the test. The final merit list of applicants will be prepared by adding 20% of the total marks obtained in the +2 examination to 80% of the marks obtained in the entrance examination. Names of candidates who pass the entrance test will appear in the result list in merit order, on the basis of which candidates are selected for admission.

Fee structure

N/A

College offering B. F. Sc Course in Nepal

    S.N

                                      Name of College/ University

           Seats

     1.

      Agriculture and Forestry University, Rampur, Chitwan 

              16